Hinduism – is a religion that took its origin on the Indian subcontinent. The first evidence of Hindu practices dates back to the period of 5500-2600 BC. The original name of Hinduism is Sanatana Dharma, i.e. “the eternal law”. Hinduism has no founder and is a combination of different traditions, beliefs and philosophical systems, that not rarely contradict one another. The most revered Hindu sacred scriptures are the Vedas, the Upanishads, the Puranas, and epic poems the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. The last one contains the Bhagavad Gita, that is believed to be the quintessence of Hindu philosophical thought. The fundamental terms of Hinduism are: karma, dharma, samsara, moksha, yoga, varna, ahimsa, etc. Hinduism ranks third among the world religions (after Christianity and Islam), according to the number of devotees.